About the Journal
University of Thi-Qar Journal (UTJ) is an open access quarterly journal published by the University of Thi-Qar. It is the official journal of Thi-Qar University and has been published with no main interruptions since 2015. The journal is publishing the finest peer-reviewed articles in all science fields based on importance, originality, and interdisciplinary interest. Our concerns cover a wide range of perspectives and themes, which are related to the ways that societies seek to, advance knowledge and innovation to achieve social goals. Our audience is everyone interested in these efforts. University of Thi-Qar Journal (UTJ) encompasses high-quality academic research articles and papers including conceptual papers, empirical studies commentary, essays, andtheoretical articles.