The positive effect of metformin and metronidazole on the diabetic rats experimentally


  • Orass Saad Kahyoon Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary medicine, University of Thi-Qar


alloxan, metformin, metronidazole, rats


      Diabetes mellitus is considering most serious disease of endocrine, it affecting large number of people in worldwide. This study was performed to insured the effect of combination of metformin and metronidazole on disorder in metabolic that concomitant with injection of alloxan IP induced diabetes in rats. In this study forty male rats: divided into four groups including control group G1, alloxn group (150 mg/kg single dose) G2, alloxn group orally treated with metformin (150mg/kg/BW) G3, and alloxn group orally treated with metformin (150mg/kg/BW) and metronidazole (500mg/kg/BW) G4. The experiment last for 14 days. The result shows marked increase in MDA, glucose and also in liver enzymes, lipid profiles and even observed disorder in kidney function test by increased in the creatinine, urea, and uric acid levels. In addition to study the histological changes in diabetic liver of rats characterized by kupffer cells activation, dilation and congestion of central vein and hepatic sinusoids. Administration of metformin and combination of metformin and metronidazole, result in significant reduction return abnormal parameters to the normal values. Also correct the abnormal histological changes of liver.