Prevalence of Bacteria in PatientsWith Otitis Media at Thi-Qar Province


  • Duaa Kamel Al-Moussawi General Directorate of Education in Thi-Qar, Ministry of Education, Al-Nasiriya , Iraq
  • Bushra J. ALBadry Department of biology, College of Sciences, University of Thi-Qar,Iraq
  • Aseel Kamil Al-Mosawi Department of biology, College of Sciences, University of Thi- Qar,Iraq .




The present study was carried out in October 2021 to March 2022 to determine the prevalence of
pathogenic bacteria in the middle ear effusions of patients with OM by way of direct culture , as
well as to determine the resistance of these bacteria to antibiotics, represent patients referred to
the Al-Haboby Teaching Hospital at Thi-Qar province. their bacterial culture were performed
according to standard techniques. This study was conducted on 30 ear swab.
The prevalence of otitis media infection in this study was 90% as indicated by positive ear
swab culture, the infections were distributed as the following: females 93.8% were higher than
males 85.7%. with no significant differences (P?0.01).The present study revealed four type of positive and negative gram stain bacteria were infect
otitis media patient,the highest percentage of infection was with Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(48.14%) followed by Proteus (25.92%) , Staphylococcus aureus(18.51%) and the lowest
percentage of infection was with E . coli (7.40%) .
Children are more likely to suffer from otitis media than adults are. Adult infections were
caused by tobacco smoke exposure, seasonal variations in respiratory infections, and allergies.