Assessment of Dietary Pattern for Diabetic Patients type2 who attended Al Nasiriyha Diabetes and Endocrinology Center
Keywords:Assessment, diabetes type 2, patients, self management skills, dietary pattern
Objective: study aims to identify the diabetes type2 patients self management skills toward dietary pattern , and find out the relationship between variables which are (Age, gender, educational level, duration of diabetes diagnosis, and monthly income) with diabetes type 2 patients self management skills toward dietary pattern
Methodology: descriptive study was carried out through the present investigation from January 2nd 2014to September 2nd 2014 in order to achieve the objectives of the present study. A non probability (purposive) sample, (200) cases which consists of patients who were attending Al-Nasiriyha diabetic center. Including (118) males and (82) females . The data were collected by utilization of the study instruments and employment of scheduled interview as means data collection. The data collection process was performed from April / 30/ 2014 to Jun / 3rd/ 2014. A questionnaire was constructed to measure the variable. Such a construction was done through the review of literature and related studies. The questionnaire consisted of 2 parts which are demographical, and diabetics self management skills indicator dietary pattern .The reliability of the questionnaire was determined through a pilot study and the validity through a panel of experts. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistic frequency, percentage, and the application of inferential statistical procedures, which include Pearson correlation coefficient, and contingency coefficient.
Results: Highest age group of the study samples (37.5) were (50-59) years old. with the mean age (52) years ,(72.0) of them are without of diabetes type 2 self management skills toward dietary pattern, most of them were male. With low educational level. group's duration of type 2 DM diagnosis was (1-5) years. insufficient monthly income, unemployed, overweight. they had information from their physician ,and diagnosed by chance. There are significant association between patients self management skills toward dietary pattern and (age, educational level, monthly income).No result was show.
The researcher recommended that the new diabetic patients should be involve in educational program , supply with booklet which include self management skills toward dietary pattern and supported by videotapes to enforce their practices , with the nurse supervision during visit to the center , and instructed to improve their life management skills for control their blood glucose and body weight to avoid long term complications.